Fire Prevention Week: Fire Safety Tips

Home Fire Escape Planning

  • Home fire escape planning and drills are an essential part of fire safety. A home fire escape plan needs to be developed and practised before a fire strikes.
  • A home escape plan should include the following:
    • Two exits from every room in the home – usually a door and a window
    • Properly installed and working smoke alarms
    • A meeting place outside in front of the home where everyone will meet after they exit
    • A call to 9-1-1 or the local emergency number from a cell phone or a neighbor’s phone

Smoke Alarms

  • Smoke alarms detect and alert people to a fire in the early stages. Smoke alarms can mean the difference between life and death in a fire.
  • Working smoke alarms cut in half the risk of dying in a home fire.
  • Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room, outside each separate sleeping area, and on every level of the home, including the basement.
  • Test smoke alarms at least once a month using the test button.
  • Make sure everyone in the home understands the sound of the smoke alarm and knows how to respond.

Cooking

  • Cooking is the leading cause of home fires and home fire injuries. The leading cause of fires in the kitchen is unattended cooking.
  • Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, boiling, grilling, or broiling food.
  • If you are simmering, baking, or roasting food, check it regularly and stay in the home.
  • Keep anything that can catch fire away from your stovetop.

Heating

  • Heating equipment is one of the leading causes of home fires during the winter months.
  • Space heaters are the type of equipment most often involved in home heating equipment fires.
  • All heaters need space. Keep anything that can burn at least 3 feet (1 metre) away from heating equipment.
  • Have a 3-foot (1 metre) “kid-free zone” around open fires and space heaters
  • Purchase and use only portable space heaters listed by a qualified testing laboratory.
  • Have a qualified professional install heating equipment.
  • Maintain heating equipment and chimneys by having them cleaned and inspected by a qualified professional.